What is an ESR

An Election Situation Room is a multi-stakeholder platform that brings together Civil Society Organizations and Electoral Management Institutions for immediate sharing of information and recommendations so as to have credible, real-time analysis of election information before, during and after polls. It is a highly effective mechanism for mobilizing intervention from key stakeholders in the election process by engaging with official structures in a constructive manner. This allows for cordial......


The Election Situation Room model of election engagement was pioneered in Nigeria, with the support of Open Society Foundations West Africa (OSIWA), to bring together many civil society groups under one umbrella. This was  in response to a realization of the need to enhance Civil Society coordination and ensure constructive and proactive engagement on the election process.

 A broad coalition of civil society groups collaborated during the April 2011 general elections (legi...

Aims And Objectives Of An Election Situation Room

The objective of every Election Situation Room set up, is to collect relevant information, analyze information, provide evidence based information and to be able to alert the appropriate authorities in real time. This is to effect rapid response to incidences before, during and after elections. It is designed to enhance collaboration, proactive advocacy and rapid response to crises associated with an electoral process amongst civil society groups and is ultimately complementary to the traditi......

Structure Of An Election Situation Room

The Election Situation Room model allows organizations within the platform to bring information and networks from their field of expertise, which form the bases of the analysis and advocacy. The diverse composition combines varied information sources, analysis, networking and outreach skills, to enhance the quality and authority of a civil society voice.

Structure of an Election Situation Room Read More

Setting Up An ESR

  1. Start Early

Just as in the planning of elections, establishing an Election Situation Room (ESR) requires an early start. You need to build consensus around decisions on your engagement, budget, possible partners, and challenges. You need to plan and anticipate what crises might occur. By starting early, you will be able to develop a solid network, identify your strengths and weaknesses, identify the assets and gaps and begin to raise awareness on you......

Engaging the election process


In engaging the election process, there are three things to keep in mind: observe, analyze and respond. It qualifies what you do in an election process.


Gathering information during the election

  1. Working with election observers:

Observers are key assets in an election process. It is necessary to make arrangement for deployment of election observers ahead of election; work out and t...


  1. Reporting:

At the end of the election, it is important to prepare a report which takes a holistic look at the election process with clear recommendations on how to improve the system. This report will naturally draw from the various press releases and statements of the ESR. However, it has to be more comprehensive than that to state clearly how the ESR wishes to help resolve some of the identified challenges in the system.

  1. Documenting the Situation......